Stone is widely used in decoration, and its main difference compared to other decoration materials lies in its properties of natural minerals. From color, texture, and construction to material acquisition, etc., stone has unique conditions, so certain skills are required when selecting and applying. In general, the following aspects should be considered when choosing stone:
First, the consideration of budget cost: Stone is a natural ore, and factors such as the quality, output, and mining location of different stones will lead to significant price differences. Therefore, owners and designers should have a certain understanding of the cost when selecting materials in the early stage.
Second, aesthetic expression: Factors such as the color, pattern, and texture of stone belong to a relatively subjective level, and are often different according to the preferences of owners and designers when selecting materials. However, if you can have a deep understanding of natural stone and better express the intention in the design, it will be more excellent and flexible.
Ore formation is mainly divided into three types: igneous rock, sedimentary rock, and metamorphic rock. The stones commonly used in construction are mainly marble (metamorphic rock) and granite (igneous rock). Generally speaking, marble has rich colors and patterns, and the texture is mainly smooth and soft; Granite has less variation in color and pattern, but is more expressive in terms of texture. In addition, granite is more solemn and classical in its overall sense.
Third, the mastery of stone quality:
Uniformity and integrity of materials: Try to avoid problems such as dark cracks, black scars, and color differences.
Composition of stone: Avoid excessive stone containing excessive iron sulfide, iron oxide, salt, charcoal and clay, and other harmful substances; Avoid stone containing radiation components; Avoid stone containing excessive coefficient of thermal expansion, thermal conductivity, and conductive mineral composition to avoid the dangers of cracks, thermal conductivity, and electrical conductivity.
Fourth, durability consideration: When choosing stone as a decoration material, it is hoped that it can have the same life as the building structure, especially in the decoration of exterior walls and floors, durability is more important. Stone with good durability not only maintains the aesthetics of the building’s appearance but also ensures that it is strong and safe to prevent falling and injuring pedestrians. However, when stone is used for facades, floors, high-rise buildings, or other special environments, it is even more important to choose the right type of stone.